How more efficient would computers be if binary changed?

0 votes
asked Jul 21, 2010 by ambysasa (191 points)
If Binary evoled to being 1 and 0 or more essentialy on and off to on, semi-on/semi-off and off ( 1, 0.5, 0 ) how much more would thechnology be...(even though we'd have to somewhat start over.)
commented Jul 21, 2010 by ambysasa (191 points)
oh yeah...adding to what I asked...instead of knowing just the on and off but it knew the votage almost and by knowing that it held a number based on it's current voltage and not by sevral other ons and offs to determine number.
commented Jul 21, 2010 by ambysasa (191 points)
sorry about my spelling and grammer I should be in bed...XD

4 Answers

+1 vote
answered Jul 21, 2010 by Seb (2,267 points)
Binary is a number encoding scheme. You wouldn't be talking about binary if there were 3 possible digits. You'd be talking about trinary, or something like that. Computers used to use valves that would store values. Each valve would have a state depending on how much charge it contained. The problem with that was the valves lost charge and the values they were storing. People tried to think of ways to *recharge* the valves reliably for a while... but ultimately, this is why they started to use binary; If there's a charge it's a 1, otherwise it's a 0. It's more reliable.

Valves generate more noise and heat. They are **a lot** more expensive than transistors, but they're still used in audio. You're talking $5000 for a decent valve amplifier, where a $500 solid state amplifier might produce comparable sound. On the up-side, they do emit a very pretty light :)

In short, it's been done and I doubt we'll go back there. Valves may or may not work for audio, but they certainly do not work for computers.

![Valve audio amplifier :D][1]


  [1]: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/79/Kt88_power_tubes_in_traynor_yba200_amplifier.jpg
0 votes
answered Jul 22, 2010 by trueb (16,137 points)
they would decrees in effective because now the computer has to determine what state the voltage is at. it would then become an analog computer. all the programs we currently have would no longer work, binary is the best system for a computer to understand. it also makes being a programmer and engineer much easier to program build the equipment. you would have to change all the hardware in a computer and start all over. it would not be very effective...
0 votes
answered Jul 22, 2010 by Granit (6,325 points)
Firstly it wouldn't be binary if you were able to add more than 2 states within a bit.  In the old fashioned copper wired world, as others have said, it's much more resource intensive and harder to keep a steady and reliable hold on a state based on variable charger rather than the more simple and reliable charge or no charge method.

As computing evolves into more complex and powerful forms such as biological and fiber based, it can be better managed and reliable.  Using the vastly large light spectrum as a coding method in determine the chemical and elemental make up of material has already been done for years, and something out of this could be used in creating a new base system for a fiber based computer, that is the circuit itself is made up of fiber optic technology rather than an electrical one.  Biocomputers, which a few have already been created to demonstrate their potential are based off of the concept of using DNA and proteins to process, store, and compute data.  They use a whole different system of states and base data constructs using amino acid sequences just like living organisms.

At this point, I really don't see a performance boast happening from it, or a need to move above a binary base as long as we can continue to expand the bandwidth (as in moving from 32bit to 64bit to 128bit).
0 votes
answered Jul 22, 2010 by Headwards (4,455 points)
you can not have semi on semi off, computers know only one thing - is it on or is it off, is there current flowing through a circuit or is there not.
commented Jul 22, 2010 by Seb (2,267 points)
You're talking about common-day computers. Do not make the mistake of assuming the type of computer sitting in front of you is the only type of computer in existence. Computers have been around for far longer than silicon chips.

This computer was invented in 1801 to allow his loom to weave more complex patterns automatically using punchcards: [The Jacquard Loom][1]

  [1]: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Jacquard.loom.full.view.jpg



This computer is commonly used to keep time: [A clock][2]

  [2]: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Clock_in_Kings_Cross.jpg/220px-Clock_in_Kings_Cross.jpg
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