The question has been closed for the following reason "The question is answered, right answer was accepted" by jakek090 Jun 15 '10 at 14:21
We don't have an exact equivalent. In Texas we have the TAKS (Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills) test, which students must pass in order to graduate high school. It tests English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies. If a student fails, he/she is given several chances to retake it, but if he/she can't pass all four sections, no diploma.
To get into college, students have to take the SAT or ACT. The SAT has 3 sections: Critical reading, Writing, and Mathematics. The ACT has 4 sections: Reading, Writing, Mathematics, and Science. These tests may be retaken, but a student has to pay for them each time. They are usually taken during the last two years of high school. Each college or university has its own requirements for what score is needed to be accepted, so if a student does not do well, he/she may not get to go his/her first (or second) choice of university, and may have to start out by taking remedial classes at a community college.
answered Jun 12 '10 at 12:55